Household Cooking Energy Use in Nigeria

A Case of Ado Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State


  • Tolulope E. Obele Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti,


Cooking Energy Consumption, Cooking Energy Determinants, Household, Nigeria, Socio-economic and cultural factors


The relevance of energy in households’ cooking activities cannot be over-emphasised in the wellbeing of household members. And its use is being influenced by socio-economic and cultural
factors. With high level of education of the Nigeria populace in Africa, yet the country has the
highest number of persons who do not access clean-modern cooking energy (like electricity and
liquefied petroleum gas), as an average of its populace still rely on biomass sources of energy for
cooking, which culminates into deforestation, soil erosion, and desertification. Against this
backdrop, this study was carried out to examine the socio-economic and cultural factors
influencing households’ cooking energy use in Nigeria; specifically in Ado Ekiti Local
Government Area of Ekiti State. In order to achieve the objective of this study, a semi-structured
questionnaire was used for data collection. The data collected were analysed using the
Multinomial Logistic and Marginal Effects Regression Models with Maximum Likelihood
Estimation Technique. The study reveals that thedeterminants of households’ cooking energy
choice were found to be the size of household, household heads’ average income, accessibility of
clean energy, availability of clean energy and traditions/cultural belief and taste preferences. Also
the electricity utilised for cooking is at less than 1% in the study area. The findings also reveal
that a mix of clean and polluting cooking energy is being utilised by households when their
economic status advances. Hence, the study recommends that grassroots government should
ensure that households have adequate access to clean cooking energy sources that are
environmentally friendly by encouraging installations of gas stations closer to users’ doorsteps in
the study areas.Also, the private sector should create promotional incentives for households to
encourage them for more patronage which will reduce the utilization of polluting cooking energy
among households in Nigeria.




How to Cite

Obele, T. E. . (2021). Household Cooking Energy Use in Nigeria: A Case of Ado Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State. Anchor University Journal of Humanities Management and Social Sciences, 1(1). Retrieved from